In the very early morning hours of July 7th a very slight Penumbral Lunar Eclipse will be visible from the Pacific rim, including western South America, the West Coast of Mexico and South Western United States, Hawaii, New Zealand, eastern Australia and the Pacific side of Antartica.
The New Moon for July is Tuesday, July 21st. This will make the weekend of July 18-19th as the best weekend for dark sky observing.
|The Aphelion is the point in Earth’s elliptical orbit that it is furthest from the Sun. This is the opposite point to the Perihelion when the Earth is at its closest point to the Sun, which occurs in January.|
Total Solar Eclipse
Depending on the location on Earth, there is a Total Solar Eclipse on July 21st or 22nd. Visible from Eastern China, Japan and the South Western Pacific, the eclipse crosses the International Date Line.
Movie shows the Total SolarEclipse as viewed from the Moon. Each frame is one minute. The Shadow of the moon Crosses Eastern China, Japan, and the South West Pacific.
Movie shows the Total SolarEclipse as viewed from Japan. Each frame is one minute.
Mercury is visible the first few days of July in the morning hours. By July 4th, Mercury disappears into the glare of the sunrise and reappears on the evening side of the Sun around July 24th. After July 24th Mercury continues to move in better position for viewing until August 24th when Mercury reaches its Greatest Eastern Elongation.
|July 1st Sunrise - Mercury’s position in the morning at the beginning of the month. Mercury disappears into the glare of the Sun around July 4th.|
Mercury begins the month in the constellation Taurus (The Bull), and on July 3rd, crosses into the constellation Gemini (The Twins). Then behind the glare of the Sun, Mercury crosses Gemini until July 16th when it moves into Cancer (The Crab), and after Mercury re-emerges in the evening, it moves finally into the constellation Leo (The Lion) on July 26, where it will spend the rest of July.
Venus is visible as the Morning Star for the entire month of July. Venus begins this month in the constellation Taurus (The Bull) until the end of the month. On July 29 Venus crosses into the constellation Orion (The Hunter) where it will stay until the last few minutes of July and it crosses into the constellation Gemini (The Twins).
Mars can be observed in the morning hours above Venus in July. At the beginning of the month Mars is only about 4° above Venus and as the month progresses Venus continues to move further away until the end of the month they are about 16° apart.
|On July 12th, Mars passes within 4°45′ of the asterism Pleiades (M45).|
The planet Saturn is visible in the evening all month. At the beginning of July Saturn sets around 11:45 pm (PDT) and by the end of the month Saturn sets around 9:15 pm (PDT). Saturn is located in the constellation Leo (The Lion) until September.
|On July 12th, Uranus rises within 4°30′ of the waning, gibbous Moon.|
Neptune is located in the constellation Capricornus (The Sea Goat) until the year 2010. For the entire month of July, Neptune rises within a few minutes of Jupiter. At the beginning of the month Neptune rises around 10:45 pm (PDT) and by the end of July Neptune rises around 8:45 pm (PDT). Neptune is currently moving in retrograde motion.
Pluto is found in the constellation Sagittarius (The Archer) until the year 2023. Moving in retrograde motion this month, Pluto sets around 5:25 am (PDT) at the beginning of July, and by the end of the month, Pluto sets around 3:20 am (PDT).
July 15 evening - Relative position, in the South East, of Pluto for
the month of July.